Badger TB vaccine trial launched
22 June 2006 - BBC News
A £1m field trial of a vaccine to combat tuberculosis in badgers has been
launched by the government. The trials in Gloucestershire could lead to more
than 100,000 badgers being vaccinated nationwide.
Badgers can carry bovine tuberculosis which they catch from cattle and other
badgers before spreading it to herds. Last year 24,000 cows infected with TB
were put down and the cost of compensating farmers and testing for the disease
The Central Science Laboratory trials involve catching about 250 badgers in
baited traps in the county where the disease is a major problem. The animals
will be taken back to the laboratory where they will be injected with the
vaccine before being returned to their home set. The initial stages of the trial
aim to find out if the vaccine is safe for badgers and humans and whether it is
effective against the disease. It will take at least five years before the
vaccine could be administered to the general badger population outside the lab
through microcapsules mixed with peanuts.
Dr Chris Cheeseman, who is leading the project, said: "If vaccination of
badgers worked you would save the lives of badgers, you would save the
disruptive effect of culling, and it would save cattle and taxpayers' money,
which is the fundamental problem."
Farmers, who cannot interfere with sets on their land because badgers are
protected by law, have called on the government for a cull of the animals to
protect their herds.
"The only prospect of culling really working is if it was carried out on a
wide scale using methods that would kill every last badger from coast to coast,"
said Dr Cheeseman.
The National Farmers' Union says it supports the idea of vaccines but that
culling is needed in the mean time. "Until we do have adequate vaccines we need
a culling programme aimed at addressing the disease in badgers to reduce the
likelihood of their passing it on to cattle," said the NFU's TB adviser Alex
Dinsdale. "We are not targeting badgers, we are targeting the disease.
Ultimately want to see healthy badgers and healthy cattle."
New cases of TB in cattle are rising at a rate of between 10% and 20% a year.
Earlier this year MPs on the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Select
Committee criticised a government consultation project on a badger cull for
considering a targeted approach when scientific evidence showed only extensive
action would cut TB levels in cattle.
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